Time Period 1:
Spanish & Portuguese colonization of the new world
Photo above: Aztec art (left) and Bartholomew de las Casas who was the secretary to Christopher Columbus and documented and ultimately opposed the destruction of Native Americans by Spanish colonizers. See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kvlTG4yVByY
Time Period 1 Review Video
Time Period 1: Timeline, Primary Sources & Essays
Overall Question: To what extent did Native Americans, Europeans and colonists benefit or not benefit from colonization?
- Identity: How did the identities of colonizing and indigenous American societies change as a result of contact in the Americas? (Activity 1) (Readings in Primary Sources, Chapter 1 in Zinn, AP Book 16-25)
- Work, Exchange & Technology: How did the Columbian Exchange—the mutual transfer of material goods, commodities, animals, and diseases—affect interaction between Europeans and natives and among indigenous peoples in North America? (Pages 15-16 in AP Book
- Peopling: Where did different groups settle in the Americas (before contact) and how and why did they move to and within the Americas (after contact)? (Before Contact Reading: AP Book Pages 4-13
- Politics & Power: How did Spain’s early entry into colonization in the Caribbean, Mexico, and South America shape European and American developments in this period (AP Book 16-24)
- America in the World: How did European attempts to dominate the Americas shape relations between Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans?
- Environment and Geography: How did pre-contact populations of North America relate to their environments? How did contact with Europeans and Africans change these relations in North America? (Lowenthal - Chapter 2)
- Ideas, Belief & Culture: How did cultural contact challenge the religious and other values systems of peoples from the Americas, Africa, and Europe?
Level 1 Reading -
Level 2 Reading -
Level 3 Reading -
Excerpt of Diary of Christopher Columbus
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Aztec Account of Spanish Colonization
Treaty of Tordesillas
Howard Zinn Chapter 1 - see Skills section
Identity Reading - Howard Zinn article on Christopher Columbus
Work, Exchange & Technology Reading - Columbian Exchange
Peopling: AP Book Pages 4-13; Politics & Power Pgs. 16-24